POLISES considers food security policies, decided at the international level, which support and shape locally installed policy instruments. Our research will focus on the resulting dynamics at the local level. At this level, land use decisions of smallholders are strongly shaped by policies from above, but also by interaction with other land users, leading – for instance – to successful co-management strategies or to conflicts about land.
In addition, these land use strategies have to take into account strong interrelations with the natural resource system, which is driven by variable and uncertain weather conditions. Consequences of land use strategies on the natural resource system are often visible in the long term only.
POLISES will consider locally installed policy instruments of three domains – risk-coping instruments, land policy instruments, and environmental policy instruments. We will analyse the interaction of these instruments as well as unintended side effects. A strong focus is set on the first domain – risk coping instruments. Of particular importance, furthermore, is the incorporation of global change processes such as climate or demographic change.